Are you reading CRAPP?

Watch what you're reading

There are so many opinions and bits of information on various blogs, in articles and touted by self-appointed experts, but are you reading something that is worth while or is it just another biased anecdotal experience?  Or could it be deliberately misleading you to believe in something that totally misleading?

You should never be afraid of the truth, there may sometime be things you don’t like to hear. A common one is failing of faith-based groups, some people like to shut it out that it’s ineffective and its origins are more aligned with the occult than psychology. However, if it works for you then great there may be real reasons why it gels so well with yourself, but you have to be very careful to believe that you can project it on to everyone else.

It’s good to also get with the times, science is always evolving. What was thought to true years ago has sometimes been surpassed by evidence and testing.

Any model of counselling, recovery and therapy should be able to withstand the test of someone trying to break it.

There are some very misleading websites on the internet that are basically designed to totally mislead you into buying a product of some description, they will use scare stories, bogus promises and political ideology to achieve this.

Check the CRAPP test to see if it holds up.

The CRAPP test – evaluating online sources for academic research

  Questions to ask









·         When was the information published or posted?

·         Has the information been revised or updated?

·         Is the information current or out of date for your topic?

·         Are the links functional or broken?

·         When was the page created?











·         Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?

·         Who is the intended audience?

·         Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?

·         Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use? How does the site compare with other sites?

·         Is the site intended to be general, comprehensive or selective?









·         Who is the author, publisher, source or sponsor?

·         Are the author’s credentials or organizational affiliations given? If yes, what are they?

·         What are the author’s qualifications to write on the topic?

·         Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address?

·         Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?








·         Is the information supported by evidence?

·         Has the information been reviewed or refereed?

·         Can you verify the information in another source or from personal knowledge?

·         Does the language or tone seem biased or emotional?

·         Are there obvious errors (spelling, grammar, etc.)?









·         What is the purpose of the information? Does it inform, persuade, sell or entertain?

·         Are the intentions of the authors/sponsors clear?

·         Does the point of view appear objective?

·         Are there political, cultural, institutional, or personal biases?


1 Comment

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